Accession Number : ADA627861


Title :   Incidence of Major Tendon Ruptures and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in US Army Soldiers


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : White, Daniel W ; Wenke, Joseph C ; Mosely, Dan S ; Mountcastle, Sally B ; Basamania, Carl J


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627861.pdf


Report Date : 01 Aug 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Background: Although a rare event, the prevalence of major tendon rupture has increased in recent decades. Identification of risk factors is important for prevention purposes. Hypothesis: Race is a risk factor for major tendon ruptures. Study Design: Cohort study (prevalence); Level of evidence, 2. Methods: All patients admitted for surgical management of a rupture of a major tendon at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, in 1995 and 1996 were identified and evaluated for risk factors. Results: The authors identified 52 major tendon ruptures: 29 Achilles, 12 patellar, 7 pectoralis major, and 4 quadriceps tendon ruptures. All patients were active-duty soldiers, and 1 was a female soldier. Forty-one tendon ruptures occurred among black soldiers, 8 occurred among white soldiers, and 3 occurred among Latino soldiers. The population at risk included 93 224 expo- sures during the 2-year period, of which 67.1% were white, 24.5% were black, and 8.4% were self-classified as other race. The rate ratio for tendon rupture, adjusted for gender and age, was 13.3 (95% confidence interval, 6.2-28.5) between blacks and whites and 2.9 (95% confidence interval, 0.8-10.9) between Latinos and whites. Conclusion: The rate of major tendon rupture was 13 times greater for black men in this study population when compared with whites. Interventions among those at a higher risk for injury should be considered.


Descriptors :   *LIGAMENTS , *TENDONS , *WOUNDS AND INJURIES , ACTIVE DUTY , AGING(PHYSIOLOGY) , DEGENERATION(PHYSIOLOGY) , DEMOGRAPHY , EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY) , EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN , EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , IDENTIFICATION , MILITARY MEDICINE , MILITARY PERSONNEL , PATIENTS , PHYSICAL FITNESS , PREVENTION , RACE(ANTHROPOLOGY) , RECREATION , RISK ANALYSIS , RUPTURE , SURGERY , TRAUMA


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE