Accession Number : ADA625524


Title :   Tractable Quantification of Metastability for Robust Bipedal Locomotion


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Saglam, Cenk O


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a625524.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 129


Abstract : This work develops tools to quantify and optimize performance metrics for bipedal walking, toward enabling improved practical and autonomous operation of two-legged robots in real-world environments. While speed and energy efficiency of legged locomotion are both useful and straightforward to quantify, measuring robustness is arguably more challenging and at least as critical for obtaining practical autonomy in variable or otherwise uncertain environmental conditions, including rough terrain. The intuitive and meaningful robustness quantification adopted in this thesis begins by stochastic modeling of disturbances such as terrain variations, and conservatively defining what a failure is, for example falling down, slippage, scuffing, stance foot rotation, or a combination of such events. After discretizing the disturbance and state sets by meshing, step-to-step dynamics are studied to treat the system as a Markov chain. Then, failure rates can be easily quanti ed by calculating the expected number of steps before failure. Once robustness is measured, other performance metrics can also be easily incorporated into the cost function for optimization. For high performance and autonomous operation under variations, we adopt a capacious framework, exploiting a hierarchical control structure. The low-level controllers which use only proprioceptive (internal state) information, are optimized by a derivative-free method without any constraints. For practicability of this process, developing an algorithm for fast and accurate computation of our robustness metric was a crucial and necessary step. While the outcome of optimization depends on capabilities of the controller scheme employed, the convenient and time-invariant parameterization presented in this thesis ensures accommodating large terrain variations. In addition, given environment estimation and state information, the high-level control is a behavioral policy to choose the right low-level controller at each step.


Descriptors :   *LOCOMOTION , *ROBOTS , *STOCHASTIC PROCESSES , *UNCERTAINTY , BEHAVIOR , COMPUTATIONS , CONTROL , DYNAMICS , INVARIANCE , MARKOV PROCESSES , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , NETWORK ARCHITECTURE , OPTIMIZATION , PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING) , PROPRIOCEPTION , SELF OPERATION , STABILITY , SYSTEMS ENGINEERING , TERRAIN , THESES , TRACTABLE , VARIATIONS , WALKING


Subject Categories : Statistics and Probability
      Cybernetics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE