Accession Number : ADA625236


Title :   Controlling the Electronic Structure of Graphene Using Surface-adsorbate Interactions


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : COLORADO UNIV AT BOULDER DEPT OF PHYSICS


Personal Author(s) : Matyba, Piotr ; Carr, Adra ; Chen, Cong ; Miller, David L ; Peng, Guowen ; Mathias, Stefan ; Mavrikakis, Manos ; Dessau, Daniel S ; Keller, Mark W ; Kapteyn, Henry C


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA625236


Report Date : 21 Jul 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 7


Abstract : Hybridization of atomic orbitals in graphene on Ni(111) opens up a large energy gap of approximately equal to 2.8 eV between nonhybridized states at the K point. Here we use alkali-metal adsorbate to reduce and even eliminate this energy gap, and also identify a new mechanism responsible for decoupling graphene from the Ni substrate without intercalation of atomic species underneath. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations, we show that the energy gap is reduced to 1.3 eV due to moderate decoupling after adsorption of Na on top of graphene. Calculations confirm that after adsorption of Na, graphene bonding to Ni is much weaker due to a reduced overlap of atomic orbitals, which results from n doping of graphene. Finally, we show that the energy gap is eliminated by strong decoupling resulting in a quasifreestanding graphene, which is achieved by subsequent intercalation of the Na underneath graphene. The ability to partially decouple graphene from a Ni substrate via n doping, with or without intercalation, suggests that the graphene-to-substrate interaction could be controlled dynamically.


Descriptors :   *ALKALI METALS , *COUPLING(INTERACTION) , *GRAPHENE , *SUBSTRATES , ADSORPTION , ATOMIC PROPERTIES , CHARGE TRANSFER , DECOUPLING , DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY , DOPING , ENERGY GAPS , EXCITATION , FERMI SURFACES , HYBRIDIZATION , NONLINEAR SYSTEMS , OPTICAL PROPERTIES , PHOTOELECTRIC EMISSION , SPECTROSCOPY


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Miscellaneous Materials
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Optics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE