Accession Number : ADA616635


Title :   Burn Wound gammadelta T-Cells Support a Th2 and Th17 Immune Response


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Rani, Meenakshi ; Zhang, Qiong ; Schwacha, Martin G


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a616635.pdf


Report Date : Feb 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 9


Abstract : Major burn triggers immune dysfunction, which is associated with wound healing complications. Gamma- T-cells have been shown to be important in postburn inflammation and wound healing; however, their cytokine phenotype at the burn wound site is unknown. C57BL/6 male mice were subjected to a major burn (25% TBSA, third degree) or sham treatment. At 3 hours, 3 days, and 7 days thereafter, skin samples were collected and subjected to dispase and trypsin digestion to isolate single cells. The cells were phenotyped and evaluated for cytokine profiles by flow cytometry. Th1 cells were defined as interferon (IFN) positive, Th2 cells were defined as interleukin (IL)-10 positive, and Th17 cells were defined as IL-17 positive. At 7 days after burn a shift toward Th2 and Th17 positive T-cells at the wound site was observed. Further analysis revealed that at 3-hour postinjury the percentage of T-cells positive for IFN , IL-10, and IL-17 were comparable between sham and burn skin samples. At 3 days and 7 days postinjury the percentage of cells positive for each cytokine increased; however, the increase was significantly greater for IL-10 and IL-17, as compared with IFN (ie, 9 20-fold vs 3-fold). Skin T-cells preferentially produced IFN (20%), which was unaffected by burn injury. These data demonstrate that burn wound T-cells are activated for enhanced cytokine production and display a shift toward a Th2 and/or Th17 phenotype. In contrast, burn wound T-cells were not activated for enhanced cytokine production.


Descriptors :   *BURNS(INJURIES) , *CYTOKINES , *INTERFERON , *T LYMPHOCYTES , HEALING , INFLAMMATION , SAMPLING , SKIN(ANATOMY) , TISSUES(BIOLOGY) , TRYPSIN


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE