Accession Number : ADA603227


Title :   The Scattering of Partially Coherent Electromagnetic Beam Illumination from Statistically Rough Surfaces


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT


Personal Author(s) : Spencer, Mark F


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA603227


Report Date : 19 Jun 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 153


Abstract : Much of the rough surface scattering theory developed to date considers only the effects of fully coherent and fully incoherent illumination in the formation of solutions a problem studied in earnest since the late 1800 s. In response, this dissertation extends the theory currently available in modeling rough surface scattering to include the effects of partially coherent illumination. Such illumination plays a pivotal role in our understanding of active-illumination systems, similar to those found in directed-energy and remote-sensing applications, which use the light scattered from distant targets for tactical purposes. Specifically, this dissertation uses the physical optics approximation (Kirchhoff boundary conditions) to determine a 3D vector solution for the far-field scattering of electromagnetic beam illumination with partial spatial coherence from statistically rough surfaces. The analysis considers three different material substrates: dielectrics, conductors, and a perfect electrical conductor. It also makes use of a Gaussian Schell-model form for the incident-field cross-spectral density matrix. In so doing, this dissertation develops closed-form expressions for the scattered field croscross-spectralsity matrix with two analytical forms one applicable to smooth-to-moderately rough surfaces and the other applicable to very rough surfaces. The analysis shows that these closed-form expressions are, in general, complicated functions of both the source (size and coherence properties) and surface parameters (surface height standard deviation and correlation length). Under appropriate conditions, the analysis also compares the 3D vector solution to previously validated solutions and empirical measurements. The results show good agreement.


Descriptors :   *BEAMS(ELECTROMAGNETIC) , BEAMS(RADIATION) , COHERENCE , ILLUMINATION , SCATTERING , SURFACE ROUGHNESS , THESES


Subject Categories : Radiofrequency Wave Propagation


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE