Accession Number : ADA601602


Title :   Annual 1921 : The Reasons for a Disaster


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA


Personal Author(s) : Moreno, Rafael


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA601602


Report Date : 17 Apr 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 65


Abstract : The summer of 1921 brought grief and the pain to many homes in Spain. The news, which arrived from Melilla, filled with consternation the entire society of the time. A virtually unknown leader, Abd-el-Krim, led a general uprising in the Rif, that in just 15 days, killed about 9,000 Spanish and humiliated the nation. What happened there was called The Annual Disaster . These days changed drastically the Spanish presence in Morocco and had a decisive influence on the policy, the army, and the Spanish society, in the following years. To understand a disaster like this, it is worth analyzing the geostrategic conditions that accompanied the Spanish intervention in Morocco at the beginning of the Twentieth Century, so it is necessary to study how the colonization action of these territories occurred, and how the situation of the Spanish Army was at that time. With this background established, the reader can understand how the military campaign was designed, and what mistakes were made at the operational and tactical levels. Annual, the biggest Spanish military disaster in Africa, was due to a combination of political, social and military factors that occurred in Spain in the first quarter of the Twentieth Century. This disaster could have been avoided or reduced with the adoption of the right measures in the strategic, operational, and tactical level.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY OPERATIONS , HISTORY , INSURGENCY , MILITARY STRATEGY , MILITARY TACTICS , MOROCCO , POLICIES , SPAIN


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE