Accession Number : ADA599872


Title :   The Evolution of Los Zetas in Mexico and Central America: Sadism as an Instrument of Cartel Warfare


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE


Personal Author(s) : Grayson, George W


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a599872.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 103


Abstract : The United States has diplomatic relations with 194 independent nations. Of these, none is more important to America than Mexico in terms of trade, investment, tourism, natural resources, migration, energy, and security. In recent years, narco-violence has afflicted our neighbor to the south with more than 50,000 drugrelated murders since 2007 and some 26,000 men, women, and children missing. President Enrique Pe a Nieto has tried to divert national attention from the bloodshed through reforms in energy, education, antihunger, health care, and other areas. Even though the death rate has declined since the chief executive took office on December 1, 2012, other crimes continue to plague his nation. Members of the business community report continual extortion demands; national oil company Petr leos Mexicanos (PEMEX) suffers widespread theft of oil, gas, explosives, and solvents (with which to prepare methamphetamines); hundreds of Central American migrants have shown up in mass graves; and the public identifies the police with corruption and villainy. A common fear of the elite and growing middle class is kidnapping. In 2012, Mexico recorded 105,000 cases; in 2013, the country led the world in abductions, surpassing such volatile nations as Afghanistan, Colombia, and Iraq. Los Zetas, who deserted from the army s special forces in the late-1990s, not only traffic in drugs, murder, kidnap, and raid PEMEX installations, but also involve themselves in extortion, human smuggling, torture, money laundering, prostitution, arson, prison breakouts, murder for hire, and other felonies. While consisting of only a few hundred hard core members, these paramilitaries have gained a reputation for the sadistic treatment of foes and friends a legacy of their two top leaders, Heriberto The Executioner Lazcano Lazcano and Miguel ngel El 40 Trevi o Morales, who thrived on beheadings, castrations, stewing their prey in gasoline-filled vats, and other heinous acts.


Descriptors :   *CENTRAL AMERICA , *DRUGS , *HISTORY , *MEXICO , CRIMES , CRIMINAL CORRUPTION , MONEY , PARAMILITARY FORCES


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE