Accession Number : ADA596208


Title :   Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer


Descriptive Note : Project summary 29 Jul 2013-27 Jan 2014


Corporate Author : REAL-TIME ANALYZERS INC MIDDLETOWN CT


Personal Author(s) : Farquharson, Stuart ; Wayne, Smith ; Brouillette, Carl


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA596208


Report Date : 27 Jan 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 2


Abstract : The overall goal of this Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) proposed program (through Phase III) is to develop a novel Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer (PFQA) capable of identifying diesel or jet fuels and predicting their performance properties. The Phase I program measured approximately 100 fuels using both dispersive and Fourier Transform near-infrared analyzers. These analyzers measured the vibrational modes of the chemical composition of the fuels. This chemical information can be used to identify fuel type and determine performance properties. The Phase I measurements identified the best spectral resolution, spectral region, and sample path length to differentiate between diesel and jet fuels, as well as to determine cetane index density, distillation values, flash point, and viscosity. This information will be used to design a prototype during the Phase I Option, which will be built and tested in the Phase II Program. The goal of the Phase II program will be to evaluate the ability of two prototype PFQAs to identify diesel or jet fuels and predict their properties. This will be accomplished by building the prototypes, measuring 600 fuel samples, developing and testing comprehensive chemometric models, performing environmental tests, delivering the prototypes with user friendly software, and providing training to U.S. Army personnel. The PFQA will allow Army personnel to quickly determine fuel quality in the field, such as at the point of use. The PFQA can be widely used by all DoD personnel who require rapid analysis of fuel quality. The PFQA also will have dual-use capabilities at major airports and seaports to rapidly check fuel quality; in other transportation industries, such as trucking; and in fuel blending operations performed at petroleum, ethanol, and biodiesel plants.


Descriptors :   *ANALYZERS , *CHEMICAL COMPOSITION , *DIESEL FUELS , *INFRARED SPECTROMETERS , *JET ENGINE FUELS , *PORTABLE EQUIPMENT , *QUALITY , CHEMICAL ANALYSIS , DENSITY , DISTILLATION , DUAL USE TECHNOLOGY , FLASH POINT , INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY , MEASUREMENT , MODAL ANALYSIS , NEAR INFRARED RADIATION , PROTOTYPES , VISCOSITY


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE