Accession Number : ADA585403


Title :   Multi-Length Scale-Enriched Continuum-Level Material Model for Kevlar (registered trademark)-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composites


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : Grujicic, M ; Pandurangan, B ; Snipes, J S ; Yen, C ; Cheeseman, B A


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA585403


Report Date : Mar 2013


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : Fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composite materials display quite complex deformation and failure behavior under ballistic/blast impact loading conditions. This complexity is generally attributed to a number of factors such as (a) hierarchical/multi-length scale architecture of the material microstructure; (b) nonlinear, rate-dependent and often pressure-sensitive mechanical response; and (c) the interplay of various intrinsic phenomena and processes such as fiber twisting, interfiber friction/sliding, etc. Material models currently employed in the computational engineering analyses of ballistic/blast impact protective structures made of this type of material do not generally include many of the aforementioned aspects of the material dynamic behavior. Consequently, discrepancies are often observed between computational predictions and their experimental counterparts. To address this problem, the results of an extensive set of molecular-level computational analyses regarding the role of various microstructural/morphological defects on the Kevlar fiber mechanical properties are used to upgrade one of the existing continuum-level material models for fiber-reinforced composites. The results obtained show that the response of the material is significantly affected as a result of the incorporation of microstructural effects both under quasi-static simple mechanical testing condition and under dynamic ballistic-impact conditions.


Descriptors :   *FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES , *MATRIX MATERIALS , *MECHANICAL PROPERTIES , *POLYMERS , AXIAL LOADS , BALLISTICS , BLAST LOADS , COMPUTATIONS , CRYSTAL STRUCTURE , DAMAGE , DEGRADATION , EQUATIONS , IMPACT , MICROSTRUCTURE , SHEAR STRESSES , STIFFNESS , STRENGTH(MECHANICS)


Subject Categories : Laminates and Composite Materials
      Mechanics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE