Accession Number : ADA581215


Title :   Status and Trend of Cottonwood Forests Along the Missouri River


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : GEOLOGICAL SURVEY FORT COLLINS CO BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES DIV


Personal Author(s) : Dixon, Mark D ; Johnson, W C ; Scott, Michael L ; Bowen, Daniel


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA581215


Report Date : 03 Mar 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 116


Abstract : From 2007-2009, we studied the current (2006) and historic (1892, mid-1950s) extent, current age distribution, and plant species composition of plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides) and non-cottonwood riparian stands along eight study segments of the Missouri River between Fort Benton, Montana and Kansas City Missouri, covering 930 river miles (1500 km) or over 1/3 of the river's length. These segments included all of the unchannelized and unimpounded segments below Fort Benton, as well as portions of two impounded and one channelized segment. Based on GIS analyses of historic maps and aerial photography, the combined area of forests, woodlands, and shrublands in the historic floodplain declined 47% across all study segments from 1892 to 2006, with losses linked to clearing for human land uses (primarily agricultural cropland) or inundation by reservoirs. Most forest loss occurred between 1892 and the 1950s, while most shrubland loss has occurred from the 1950s to 2006. As of 2006, we estimate that a total of 75,600 hectares (186,900 acres) of shrubland, woodland, and forest occurred within the mapped area of the eight study segments, with 66,800 hectares (165,000 acres) or 88% of the total, composed of patch types which contain cottonwood as a significant component. Most (62%) of the cottonwood area is composed of stands 50 years old, and only 14% is from stands that have recruited in the last 25 years. These patterns, along with significant historic declines in shrubland and sandbar area on most segments, indicate that the fluvial geomorphic dynamics that drive cottonwood recruitment have been reduced, and cottonwood regeneration compromised, under the river management practices of at least the last 25-30 years. A significant proportion (24%) of forest in the 25-50 year age class, however, suggested that a temporary pulse in recruitment accompanied geomorphic adjustments in the channel during the first 2-3 decades after dam closure on some segments.


Descriptors :   *FORESTS , GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS , MISSOURI RIVER , SAMPLING


Subject Categories : Forestry


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE