Accession Number : ADA581031


Title :   Un analisis de la influencia de las fricciones de los campos no militares sobre las fricciones del campo militar presentes en la operacion de rescate de rehenes Chavin de Huantar (An Analysis of the Influence that Friction in Non-Military Fields of Action Had Upon Military Friction in the Hostage Rescue Operation Chavin de Huantar)


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Benavides Febres, Ricardo A


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a581031.pdf


Report Date : 16 May 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 113


Abstract : How did the friction which took place in non-military fields of action influence the friction that occurred in the military arena during Operation Chavin de Huantar The friction that occurred in the political and information arenas had a direct influence over friction in the military arena and success in these fields contributed to reduce overall friction and the success of the operation. On 16 December 1996, five-hundred guests, including diplomats, entrepreneurs, military and civilian Peruvian officials that were present at a reception in honor of the birth of Emperor Akihito at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima were kidnapped by fourteen terrorists belonging to the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru/MRTA) one of the two most lethal terrorist groups that appeared in Peru in the mid 1980s. This hostage crisis captured the world's attention for one-hundred and twenty days and was covered by over two-hundred reporters who transmitted everything that occurred around the embassy in real time. The seizure was followed by a long process of conversations which took place through a Commission of Guarantors who operated under the framework of the Toronto Accord in which Peru assured the international community that it would do everything in its power to seek a peaceful resolution to this crisis and to use force only if the security of the hostages was felt to be threatened. Negotiations were periodically affected by the threat of summary execution, armed threats, and outrageous demands by the terrorists which finally frustrated any potential peaceful solution. On 22 April 1997, after Nelso Cerpa, the MRTA leader, restricted medical visits to once a week thus putting many elderly rebels at risk, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori gave the order to execute the military option that had been prepared in parallel to peaceful courses of action. Sixty-one of seventy-two hostages that were still captive were freed.


Descriptors :   *FRICTION , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , HOSTAGES , PERU , RESCUES , SPANISH LANGUAGE , SPECIAL FORCES , TERRORISM , TERRORISTS , THESES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE