Accession Number : ADA568848


Title :   Calculating Path-Dependent Travel Time Prediction Variance and Covariance for a Global Tomographic P-Velocity Model


Descriptive Note : Conference paper


Corporate Author : LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LAB NM


Personal Author(s) : Hipp, Jim R ; Encarnacao, Andre V ; Young, Chris J ; Ballard, Sandy ; Chang, Marcus C ; Phillips, W S ; Begnaud, Mike L


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA568848


Report Date : Sep 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : Several studies have shown that global 3D models of the compression wave speed in the Earth's mantle can provide superior first P travel time predictions at both regional and teleseismic distances. However, given the variable data quality and uneven data sampling associated with this type of model, it is essential that there be a means to calculate high-quality estimates of the path-dependent variance and covariance associated with the predicted travel times of ray paths through the model. In this paper, we show a methodology for accomplishing this by exploiting the full model covariance matrix. Typical global 3D models have on the order of 1/2 million nodes, so the challenge in calculating the covariance matrix is formidable: 0.9 TB storage for 1/2 of a symmetric matrix, necessitating an Out-Of-Core (OOC) blocked matrix solution technique. With our approach the tomography matrix (G which includes Tikhonov regularization terms) is multiplied by its transpose (GTG) and written in a blocked sub-matrix fashion. We employ a distributed parallel solution paradigm that solves for (GTG)-1 by assigning blocks to individual processing nodes for matrix decomposition update and scaling operations. We first find the Cholesky decomposition of GTG which is subsequently inverted. Next, we employ OOC matrix multiplication methods to calculate the model covariance matrix from (GTG)-1 and an assumed data covariance matrix. Given the model covariance matrix we solve for the travel-time covariance associated with arbitrary ray-paths by integrating the model covariance along both ray paths. Setting the paths equal yields the variance for that path.


Descriptors :   *EARTH MODELS , COMPRESSION WAVES , COVARIANCE , DATA PROCESSING , EARTH MANTLE , LONG RANGE(DISTANCE) , MATRICES(MATHEMATICS) , PREDICTIONS , SEISMIC WAVES , TOMOGRAPHY , TRAVEL TIME


Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE