Accession Number : ADA561637


Title :   Three-dimensional Stochastic Estimation of Porosity Distribution: Benefits of Using Ground-penetrating Radar Velocity Tomograms in Simulated-annealing-based or Bayesian Sequential Simulation Approaches


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : BOISE STATE UNIV ID CENTER FOR THE GEOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE SHALLOW SUBSURFACE


Personal Author(s) : Dafflon, B ; Barrash, W


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA561637


Report Date : 30 May 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 15


Abstract : Estimation of the three-dimensional (3-D) distribution of hydrologic properties and related uncertainty is a key for improved predictions of hydrologic processes in the subsurface. However it is difficult to gain high-quality and high-density hydrologic information from the subsurface. In this regard a promising strategy is to use high resolution geophysical data (that are relatively sensitive to variations of a hydrologic parameter of interest) to supplement direct hydrologic information from measurements in wells (e.g., logs, vertical profiles) and then generate stochastic simulations of the distribution of the hydrologic property conditioned on the hydrologic and geophysical data. In this study we develop and apply this strategy for a 3-D field experiment in the heterogeneous aquifer at the Boise Hydrogeophysical Research Site and we evaluate how much benefit the geophysical data provide. We run high-resolution 3-D conditional simulations of porosity with both simulated-annealing-based and Bayesian sequential approaches using information from multiple intersecting crosshole gound-penetrating radar (GPR) velocity tomograms and neutron porosity logs. The benefit of using GPR data is assessed by investigating their ability, when included in conditional simulation, to predict porosity log data withheld from the simulation. Results show that the use of crosshole GPR data can significantly improve the estimation of porosity spatial distribution and reduce associated uncertainty compared to using only well log measurements for the estimation. The amount of benefit depends primarily on the strength of the petrophysical relation between the GPR and porosity data, the variability of this relation throughout the investigated site, and lateral structural continuity at the site.


Descriptors :   *BAYES THEOREM , *HYDROLOGY , *STOCHASTIC PROCESSES , BENEFITS , GEOPHYSICS , GROUND PENETRATING RADAR , HETEROGENEITY , HIGH DENSITY , HIGH RESOLUTION , NEUTRONS , POROSITY , PREDICTIONS , RECORDS , SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION , SUBSURFACE , VELOCITY , VERTICAL ORIENTATION


Subject Categories : Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
      Statistics and Probability


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE