Accession Number : ADA555570


Title :   Precursors to Gender Attitudes in the Air Cadet Gliding Population


Descriptive Note : Technical memo.


Corporate Author : DEFENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TORONTO (CANADA)


Personal Author(s) : Filardo, Emily-Ana ; Febbraro, Angela R ; Gill, Ritu M


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a555570.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2011


Pagination or Media Count : 54


Abstract : Directorate of Flight Safety (DFS) data between 1997 and 2007 suggest that a disproportionate number of female pilots are involved in Canadian air cadet glider accidents. Research also suggests that commercial aviation continues to be dominated by masculine cultural values and practices, possibly leading to feelings of pressure among females to perform, as well as prejudicial attitudes towards female aviators (Davey, 2004; Vermeulen & Mitchell, 2007). Research by Febbraro et al.(2008) also found differential treatment of males and females in the Canadian air cadet glider training environment. All of these factors suggest that female air cadets may be exposed to negative attitudes and expectations and may encounter stereotype threat (i.e., negative gender stereotypes) in flight situations. Such negative stereotypes or attitudes could, in turn, play a role in the deficit in performance among female cadets, and possibly contribute to the number of accidents attributed to females. This study explored the precursors to negative gender attitudes in an attempt to identify some of the key factors that contribute to stereotype threat. Structural equation modeling based on survey findings from a sample of male and female air cadets (N = 211) indicated that an awareness of pilot limitations and rational thinking patterns predicted aviation gender attitudes (AGA). Knowing the precursors to negative AGA could point to a mechanism by which these attitudes, and therefore, the environment encountered by female cadets, may be altered to increase their confidence and decrease the stereotype threat, thus potentially leading to fewer accidents.


Descriptors :   *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY) , *AVIATION ACCIDENTS , AVIATION SAFETY , CADETS , CANADA , FEMALES , GLIDERS , GLIDING , PILOTS , TRANSLATIONS


Subject Categories : Military Aircraft Operations
      Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE