Accession Number : ADA538711


Title :   Planning Combat Outposts to Maximize Population Security


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE


Personal Author(s) : Seidel, Scott B


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a538711.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 125


Abstract : Combat outposts (COPs) are small, well-protected bases from which soldiers reside and conduct operations. Used extensively during the Surge in Iraq, COPs are usually established in populated areas and are prevalent in the counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan in 2010. This research models population security to determine combat outpost locations in a battalion area of operation. Population security is measured by level of violence, level of insurgent activity, and effectiveness of host nation security forces. The area of operation is represented as a graphical network of nodes and arcs. Operational inputs include pertinent information about each node. The model allows the commander to set various weights that reflect his understanding of the situation, mission, and local people. Based on trade-offs in patrolling and self-protection, the deterministic model recommends the size and locations for emplacing combat outposts and conducting patrols. We use piecewise linear approximation to solve the problem as a mixed-integer linear program. Results are based on two representative scenarios and show the impact of an area of operation's characteristics and commander's weights on COP size and locations.


Descriptors :   *MATHEMATICAL MODELS , *ARMY FACILITIES , *ARMY PLANNING , *SECURITY , INSURGENCY , THESES , POPULATION , COUNTERINSURGENCY , LINEAR PROGRAMMING , POSITION(LOCATION)


Subject Categories : Operations Research
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE