Accession Number : ADA536408


Title :   Local Jurisdictions and Active Shooters: Building Networks, Building Capacities


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Frazzano, Tracy L.


Report Date : DEC 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 85


Abstract : The emerging threat of terrorism, specifically small unit active shooter attacks, is a concern for American law enforcement agencies. Events like Mumbai (November 26, 2008) and Beslan (September 1, 2004) demonstrate the vulnerability of local law enforcement officers in defending against multiple attackers and multiple locations. Smaller jurisdictions (populations less than 100,000 people) are challenged with administrative and operational capacities considerably more than larger jurisdictions. Therefore, smaller agencies must find ways to enhance their capacities within tightening budgetary constraints. To investigate this problem and find workable solutions, qualitative research methods of case studies and interviews were employed. Specifically, Mumbai, Beslan and two high-profile United States incidents (Columbine High School shooting (April 20, 1999) and North Hollywood Bank shoot out (February 28, 1997) were studied. Individuals from the U.S. cases were interviewed to explore information not necessarily documented. Data from the case studies and interviews were collated and reviewed for common themes. These themes were analyzed to draw conclusions on how smaller jurisdictions should proceed in building capacities to deal with active shooter scenarios. Findings suggest that smaller jurisdictions can build capacities by creating a megacommunity within local law enforcement. This includes developing systems to share smart practices, training for small unit attacks, and creating multi-jurisdictional interoperability standards.


Descriptors :   *TERRORISM , *LAW ENFORCEMENT , THREATS , INTEROPERABILITY , ATTACK , VULNERABILITY , THESES , POPULATION , CASE STUDIES , POLICE , LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS , DOMESTIC VIOLENCE , ASYMMETRIC WARFARE , POSITION(LOCATION) , SCHOOLS


Subject Categories : SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
      UNCONVENTIONAL WARFARE


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE