Accession Number : ADA531867


Title :   ElectroDynamic Debris Eliminator (EDDE): Design, Operation, and Ground Support


Descriptive Note : Conference paper


Corporate Author : STAR TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH INC MOUNT PLEASANT SC


Personal Author(s) : Pearson, Jerome ; Levin, Eugene ; Oldson, John ; Carroll, Joseph


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA531867


Report Date : SEP 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : The ElectroDynamic Debris Eliminator (EDDE) is a low-cost solution for LEO space debris removal. EDDE can affordably remove nearly all the 2,465 objects of more than 2 kg that are now in 500-2000 km orbits. That is more than 99% of the total mass, collision area, and debris-generation potential in LEO. EDDE is a propellantless vehicle that reacts against the Earth's magnetic field. EDDE can climb about 200 km/day and change orbit plane at 1.5?/day, even in polar orbit. No other electric vehicle can match these rates, much less sustain them for years. After catching and releasing one object, EDDE can climb and change its orbit to reach another object within days while actively avoiding other catalog objects. Binocular imaging allows accurate relative orbit determination from a distance. Capture uses lightweight expendable nets and real-time man-in-the-loop control. After capture, EDDE drags the debris down and releases it and the net into a short-lived orbit safely below ISS, or takes it to a recycling facility for reuse. EDDE can also sling debris into controlled reentry, or can include an adjustable drag device with the net before release, to allow later adjustment of payload reentry location. A dozen 100-kg EDDE vehicles could remove nearly all 2166 tons of LEO orbital debris in 7 years. The estimated cost per kilogram of debris removed is on the order of a few percent of typical launch costs per kilogram. This supports shifting the focus on debris from simply maintaining the status quo by limiting the introduction of new debris to active, wholesale removal of all large debris objects in LEO with EDDE.


Descriptors :   *ELECTRODYNAMICS , *DEBRIS , *GROUND SUPPORT , *GEOMAGNETISM , LIGHTWEIGHT , ELECTRIC PROPULSION , BINOCULARS , IMAGES , ATMOSPHERE ENTRY , MAGNETIC FIELDS , LAUNCHING


Subject Categories : GEOMAGNETISM
      ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE