Accession Number : ADA524425
Title : Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Burrelli, David F
Report Date : 08 Jul 2010
Pagination or Media Count : 24
Abstract : In 1993, President Clinton modified military policy on providing abortions at military medical facilities. Under the change, military medical facilities were allowed to perform abortions if paid for entirely by non-DOD funds (i.e., privately funded). Although arguably consistent with statutory language barring the use of Defense Department funds, the President's policy overturned a former interpretation of existing law barring availability of these services. On December 1, 1995, H.R. 2126, the FY1996 DOD appropriations act, became law (P.L. 104-61). Included in this law was language barring use of funds to administer any policy that permits performance of abortions at any DOD facility except where life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term or where the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest. Language was also included in the FY1996 DOD Authorization Act (P.L. 104-106, February 10, 1996) prohibiting use of DOD facilities in performance of abortions. These served to reverse the President's 1993 policy change. Recent attempts to change or modify these laws have failed. Over the last three decades, the availability of abortion services at military medical facilities has been subjected to numerous changes and interpretations. Within the last 15 years, Congress has considered numerous amendments to effectuate such changes. Although Congress, in 1992, passed one such amendment to make abortions available at overseas installation, it was vetoed. The changes ordered by the President did not necessarily have the effect of greatly increasing access to abortion services. Abortions are generally not performed at military medical facilities in the United States. Few have been performed at these facilities abroad for a number of reasons. First, U.S. military follows prevailing laws and rules of host countries regarding abortion. Second, the military has had a difficult time finding health care professionals in uniform willing to perform the procedure.
Descriptors : *ABORTION , *MILITARY FACILITIES , FEDERAL LAW , POLICIES , MILITARY MEDICINE
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Medicine and Medical Research
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE