Accession Number : ADA524170
Title : Rickettsia Felis in Xenopsylla Cheopis, Java, Indonesia
Descriptive Note : Journal article
Corporate Author : NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER BETHESDA MD
Personal Author(s) : Jiang, Ju ; Soeatmadji, Djoko W. ; Henry, Katherine M. ; Ratiwayanto, Sutanti ; Bangs, Michael J. ; Richards, Allen L.
Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA524170
Report Date : AUG 2006
Pagination or Media Count : 4
Abstract : Murine typhus (endemic typhus, fleaborne typhus), caused by Rickettsia typhi, is transmitted to humans by infected fleas and is relatively common wherever susceptible rodent hosts reside. Fleaborne spotted fever (cat flea typhus), caused by Rickettsia felis, is another zoonotic disease carried by fleas and appears to have an equally wide, cosmopolitan distribution; human infections with R. felis have a clinical syndrome similar to that of murine typhus (1-4). The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, has been identified as the primary arthropod vector of R. felis in North and South America (United States, Mexico, Peru, Brazil), Europe (Spain, France, United Kingdom, Cyprus), Africa (Gabon, Ethiopia), Asia (Thailand, Afghanistan, Israel), Australia, and New Zealand (1,5-10). We describe the first evidence of R. felis in Indonesia and apparent natural infections of R. felis in the Oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, implicating this flea species for the first time as a potential vector for fleaborne spotted fever.
Descriptors : *JAVA , *RICKETTSIA TYPHI , *INDONESIA , *INFECTIOUS DISEASES , MEDICAL RESEARCH , TYPHUS , AFGHANISTAN , ZOONOTIC DISEASES , SIPHONAPTERA , ARTHROPODA , RICKETTSIA RICKETTSII , AFRICA , DIAGNOSIS(MEDICINE) , SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS , REPRINTS , CLINICAL MEDICINE
Subject Categories : MEDICINE AND MEDICAL RESEARCH
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE