Accession Number : ADA523134


Title :   Homosexuality, Manliness, and the United States Army


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES


Personal Author(s) : Dayhoff, James C


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a523134.pdf


Report Date : May 2010


Pagination or Media Count : 49


Abstract : This monograph investigates the following: (1) the nature of the resistance within the United States Army to the inclusion of openly homosexual service members into the force, and (2) the preparation for social change that would be necessary at the macro level should Congress repeal U.S. Code Title 10, Subtitle G, Section 654, also known as, Don't Ask, Don't Tell. The monograph begins with a review of historical references to masculinity, manliness, and the ideals of the citizen-soldier to gain a greater appreciation for what motivates men to serve in the military. This section also discusses reasons for resistance, including gender norms and roles, morality, religious convictions, and unit cohesion. The second section examines the experiences of the British, Canadian, and Australian armies -- all of whom have made the decision to include homosexuals in their armed forces -- to develop a greater understanding of how the U.S. Army can effectively incorporate homosexuals should Congress lift the DADT ban. Keen observation of the actions taken by the armed forces of the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia during their respective transitions to the acceptance of homosexuals in their armed forces will enable the United States Army to develop effective courses of action to prepare for the social challenges it will face. Effective leadership, implementation of guiding principles for transition, and an adapted Code of Social Conduct are paramount to ensuring fair and equitable management of social change for heterosexual and homosexual soldiers alike.


Descriptors :   *TRANSITIONS , *INTEGRATION , *HOMOSEXUALITY , *MILITARY HISTORY , *PREPARATION , *ARMY , *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , MORALE , CASE STUDIES , DISCRIMINATION , AUSTRALIA , LEGISLATION , UNITED KINGDOM , FIRST WORLD WAR , CANADA , RECRUITING , ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY) , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , POLICIES , DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , SECOND WORLD WAR , COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE