Accession Number : ADA513531
Title : United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Blanchfield, Luisa
Report Date : 15 Dec 2009
Pagination or Media Count : 36
Abstract : Since its establishment in 1945, the United Nations has been in a constant state of transition as various international stakeholders seek ways to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the U.N. system. Recent controversies, such as corruption of the Iraq Oil-For-Food Program, allegations of sexual abuse by U.N. peacekeepers, and instances of waste, fraud and abuse by U.N. staff, have focused renewed attention on the need for change and improvement of the United Nations. Many in the international community, including the United States, have increased pressure on U.N. member states to implement substantive reforms. The 111th Congress will most likely continue to focus on U.N. reform as it considers appropriate levels of U.S. funding to the United Nations and monitors the progress and implementation of ongoing and previously approved reform measures. In September 2005, heads of U.N. member states met for the World Summit at U.N. Headquarters in New York to discuss strengthening the United Nations through institutional reform. The resulting Summit Outcome Document laid the groundwork for a series of reforms that included establishing a Peacebuilding Commission, creating a new Human Rights Council, and enlarging the U.N. Security Council. Member states also agreed to Secretariat and management reforms including improving internal U.N. oversight capacity, establishing a U.N. ethics office, enhancing U.N. whistle-blower protection, and reviewing all U.N. mandates five years or older.
Descriptors : *FINANCE , *UNITED NATIONS , *PEACEKEEPING , *POLICIES , *UNITED STATES , INTERNATIONAL , TRANSITIONS , ETHICS , COMMUNITIES , POLITICAL SCIENCE , CONGRESS , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN)
Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
Government and Political Science
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE