Accession Number : ADA501755


Title :   Command and Control of the U.S. Tenth Army During the Battle of Okinawa


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Cunningham, II, Paul E.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA501755


Report Date : 12 JUN 2009


Pagination or Media Count : 122


Abstract : From 1 April 1945 to 21 June 1945, the United States' Tenth Army, commanded by Lieutenant General Simon B. Buckner, Jr., executed Operation Iceberg -- the seizure of Okinawa for use as a staging base for the expected invasion of Japan. The Tenth Army, which included the U.S. Army's XXIV Corps and the U.S. Marines Corps' III Amphibious Corps, executed an amphibious assault on Okinawa against the Japanese 32nd Army. The Japanese defenders allowed the Tenth Army to land virtually unopposed, preferring to fight a battle of attrition from strong fortifications. The Tenth Army rapidly seized the lightly defended northern end of the island, but became quickly bogged down against the main Japanese defensive belt on southern Okinawa. Japanese air power repeatedly assaulted the supporting Allied naval force with massed kamikaze attacks, resulting in heavy casualties. Ultimately, Lt. Gen. Buckner committed both corps to a frontal attack on the Japanese defenses in southern Okinawa and the campaign lasted some 82 days before the final collapse of the 32nd Army. This thesis examines the effectiveness of Buckner and his staff's command and control of the Tenth Army. Buckner and his staff succeeded, but flaws in Buckner's generalship and his staff's failure to provide him with an accurate battlefield picture prolonged the campaign.


Descriptors :   *MARINE CORPS , *SECOND WORLD WAR , *OKINAWA , *BATTLES , *MILITARY COMMANDERS , *ARMY , *COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS , OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS , ARMY PLANNING , CASUALTIES , FORTIFICATIONS , AIR POWER , MILITARY HISTORY , ATTRITION , AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , LEADERSHIP , COUNTERATTACK , THESES


Subject Categories : ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT
      HUMANITIES AND HISTORY
      MILITARY OPERATIONS, STRATEGY AND TACTICS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE