Accession Number : ADA485845
Title : Animal Effects from Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests
Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 20 Jan-20 Dec 2007
Corporate Author : ITT CORP ALEXANDRIA VA ADVANCED ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE DIV
Personal Author(s) : Logachev, V. A. ; Mikhalikhina, L. A.
Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA485845
Report Date : MAR 2008
Pagination or Media Count : 118
Abstract : This two-part document describes the effect on animal models of atmospheric nuclear weapons tests performed by the Soviet Union at the Semipalatinsk Test Site. Part I describes the air blast and thermal radiation effects. Part 2 covers the effects of primary (prompt) radiation and secondary (fallout) radiation on the test subjects. It also covers combined radiation injuries, defined as a combination of radiation and non-radiation injuries. Several different animal species were used. Animals were emplaced at varying distances from the explosion's epicenter, and in a variety of terrain configurations (open ground, trenches oriented parallel and perpendicular to the blast, etc.) The protective effects of shielding from different military vehicles and buildings were also studied. The types, degrees of severity, and clinical course of illness from the injuries produced were carefully studied in order to better understand the pathogenic mechanisms of injury and the likelihood of efficacy of proposed treatment measures.
Descriptors : *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *RADIATION EFFECTS, *ANIMALS, *NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, THERMAL RADIATION, RADIATION INJURIES, IRRADIATION, BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION, ATMOSPHERES, USSR, NUCLEAR WEAPONS
Subject Categories : NUCLEAR RADIATION SHIELD, PROTECTION & SAFETY
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE