Accession Number : ADA475070
Title : Agribusiness Industry
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Ager, Christopher ; Cunnane, Laurel ; Gallasch, Dianne ; Guckert, Ross ; Hunt, Robin ; Kenyon, Kathleen ; Koller, Laura ; Laraby, Patrick ; Lind, Denise ; Payne, Karl
Report Date : Jan 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 37
Abstract : American agribusiness provides a secure and safe food supply to our people, filling the first requirement of any sovereign state: to feed its people. In doing so, the industry accounts for about 12% of America's gross domestic product and employs about 17% of its workforce. It is thus central to both the security and the economic health of the nation. The ability of the agricultural sector to accomplish these feats reaches back to the founding of the nation, and has never been called into question a history that has created a tendency toward complacency in policy makers as the industry faces increasing pressures from a range of sources. The specter of bioterrorism has intersected with the increasing globalization of the food supply chain to call into question the security and safety of the nation's food supply. Meanwhile, the pressures of an increasing population, urban encroachment, and concerns about domestic security have placed pressures on the three basic requirements for agricultural production: land, water, and labor. More recently, the competition between food and energy in ethanol production has increased these pressures, with second and third order effects rippling throughout the agribusiness industry. These pressures demand an integrated response by government if the nation is to preserve its ability to feed its people but this response is complicated by the diffuse structure of the industry and its regulators, and by the processes through which the nation establishes its farm policy.
Descriptors : *SAFETY , *FOOD , *BIOTERRORISM , REQUIREMENTS , SOURCES , INTEGRATED SYSTEMS , INDUSTRIES , POLICIES , NATIONAL SECURITY , PERSONNEL , DIFFUSION , FOOD CHAINS , ETHANOLS , AGRICULTURE , FEEDING , DOMESTIC , SUPPLIES , WORK , PRODUCTION , ECONOMICS , WATER , HEALTH , POPULATION , RESPONSE
Subject Categories : Agricultural Economics
Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
Food, Food Service and Nutrition
Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE