Accession Number : ADA474597
Title : The National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility: Issues for Congress
Descriptive Note : Congressional rept.
Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Personal Author(s) : Shea, Dana A ; Monke, Jim ; Gottron, Frank
Report Date : 04 Oct 2007
Pagination or Media Count : 19
Abstract : The agricultural and food infrastructure of the United States is potentially susceptible to terrorist attack using biological pathogens. In addition to the impacts of such an attack on the economy, some animal diseases could potentially be transmitted to humans. These diseases are known as zoonotic diseases. Scientific and medical research on plant and animal diseases may lead to the discovery and development of new diagnostics and countermeasures, reducing the risk and impact of a successful terrorist attack. To safeguard the United States against animal disease, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) engages in research on animal diseases not native to the United States at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) off the coast of New York. With the formation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2003, the PIADC facility was transferred from USDA to DHS, though USDA continues its research program at the facility. DHS has established a foreign animal disease research program in cooperation with USDA at PIADC. DHS has identified the facility as outdated and too limited to continue to be the primary research facility. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9 tasks the Secretaries of Agriculture and Homeland Security to develop a plan to provide safe, secure, and state-of-the-art agriculture biocontainment laboratories for research and development of diagnostic capabilities and medical countermeasures for foreign animal and zoonotic diseases. To partially meet these obligations, DHS has announced plans to construct a new facility, the National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF). This facility would house high-containment laboratories able to handle the pathogens currently under investigation at PIADC, as well as other pathogens of interest. The DHS plans to select the site in 2008 and open NBAF in 2014. The final construction costs will depend on the site location and may exceed the $451 million projected cost.
Descriptors : *RESEARCH FACILITIES , *AGRICULTURE , *PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS , *ZOONOTIC DISEASES , *BIOTERRORISM , *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , *ANIMAL DISEASES , POLICIES , CONTAINMENT(GENERAL) , HOMELAND SECURITY , PLANTS(BOTANY) , VETERINARY MEDICINE , PUBLIC SAFETY , COUNTERMEASURES , LEGISLATION , CONSTRUCTION , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
Subject Categories : Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE