Accession Number : ADA459691


Title :   Heavy Ion Propulsion in the Megadalton Range


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jun 2001-31 May 2006


Corporate Author : YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Mora, Juan F. de la ; Sanchez, Manual M. ; Lozano, Paulo ; Yoshida, Y. ; Saito, G ; Wilkes, John ; Gamero, Manuel ; Higuera, Francisco ; Aguirre, I. ; Ku, B. K.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA459691


Report Date : NOV 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 13


Abstract : The original project goal was to develop sources of heavy ions for space propulsion based on Taylor cones of heated ionic liquids(ILs). Many commercially available heated ILs have been discovered that reach the purely ionic regime (PIR) of emissions (no drops), offering a new high-efficiency ion source for electrical propulsion. A few commercial ILs have been found to reach PIR even at room temperature. Later efforts were directed at identifying and testing many non-commercial ILs capable of PIR at room temperature, especially those with high surface tension and high electrical conductivity, which are found to offer the most favorable conditions for electrical propulsion. Basic understanding of Taylor cones of ILs is still incomplete. But they have been seen to have similar advantages to well know liquid metal ion sources (LMIS) in terms of narrow ion energy distribution and microAmp current levels . ILs actually outperform liquid metals in many ways, as they run in positive and negative polarity, function at room temperature, offer a much wider range of masses and chemical compositions, are generally less reactive than molten metals, and are expected to form less contaminating plumes.


Descriptors :   *ELECTRIC PROPULSION , *HEAVY IONS , TAYLORS SERIES , MOLTEN SALTS , SPACE PROPULSION , ROOM TEMPERATURE


Subject Categories : ELECTRIC AND ION PROPULSION


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE