Accession Number : ADA432975
Title : Accelerated Tumor Cell Death by Angiogenic Modifiers
Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 15 Jul 2003-14 Jul 2004
Corporate Author : EMORY UNIV ATLANTA GA
Personal Author(s) : Chung, Leland W.
Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA432975
Report Date : AUG 2004
Pagination or Media Count : 87
Abstract : Because of the potential synergistic interaction between an anti-angiogenic aminosterol, squalamine, and other angiogenic modifiers such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and cytokines that may be released during intermittent androgen withdrawal therapy, we tested extensively the interaction between squalamine and VEGF for an enhanced cytotoxicity to human prostate cancer cells in vitro and xenografts tumor models in vivo. While in vitro synergistic interaction was demonstrated specifically in human prostate cancer cell lines containing a functional androgen receptor, we encountered difficulty in demonstrating such synergism in vivo for the reason that severe toxicity was noted when VEGF was delivered as an Ad-CMV-TK vector. For this reason, we explored the other possible synergistic interaction between squalamine and castration. Results and Discussion: Squalamine is highly synergistic to castration-induced endothelial destruction when applied at the time of castration. We noted VEGF receptor, flt-1 and integrin profile (e.g. alpha 6 Beta 4) can predict squalamine response. Prostate cancer cells lacking the expression of these markers may be less responsive to the synergistic interaction between squalamine and castration. We are currently assessing the possible interaction between squalamine and VEGF and squalamine and androgen status of the cell culture and in animals subjected to castration to evaluate if synergism may exist particularly against the growth of endothelial cells.
Descriptors : *CELLS(BIOLOGY) , *ENDOTHELIUM , *ANDROGENS , *ANGIOGENESIS , NEOPLASMS , IN VITRO ANALYSIS , THERAPY , MEDICAL RESEARCH , IN VIVO ANALYSIS , CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM , GROWTH(PHYSIOLOGY) , PROSTATE CANCER , CYTOKINES.
Subject Categories : BIOCHEMISRTY
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
MEDICINE AND MEDICAL RESEARCH
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE