Accession Number : ADA429041


Title :   A Piezoelectric MEMS Microphone Based on Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Thin Films


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Dec 2002-Jul 2004


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD SENSORS AND ELECTRON DEVICES DIRECTORATE


Personal Author(s) : Polcawich, Ronald G


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a429041.pdf


Report Date : Nov 2004


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : Piezoelectric microelectromechanical (MEMS) scale acoustic sensors have potential applications in a wide variety of applications including hearing aids, surveillance, and heart monitoring. For each of these systems and many others, the acoustic sensors must be miniaturized and have low power requirements. A piezoelectric-based microphone can provide a solution to these requirements, since it offers the ability to passively sense without the power requirements of condenser or piezoresistive microphone counterparts. This research effort reports on the design and fabrication of a piezoelectric PbZr(0.52)Ti(0.48)O(3)(PZT) based acoustic sensor. A circular clamped membrane consisting of a dielectric for structural support and a piezoelectric actuator has been fabricated on a silicon wafer via silicon deep reactive ion etching (DRIE). Sensors ranging from 500 to 2000 microns in diameter have been fabricated and characterized with the use of scanning laser Doppler vibrometry and calibrated acoustic tone source. The PZT sensors exhibited a sensitivity of 97.9 to 920 nV/Pa, depending on geometry.


Descriptors :   *PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS , *MICROPHONES , LEAD ZIRCONATE TITANATES , ACOUSTIC SURVEILLANCE , DOPPLER SONAR , VIBROMETERS , MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS , THIN FILMS , MONITORING , EARPHONES


Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Acoustics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE