Accession Number : ADA410663


Title :   Deterministic Casualty Analysis of the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor for use with Risk-Based Safety Regulation


Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE


Personal Author(s) : Withee, Jon E.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA410663


Report Date : SEP 2002


Pagination or Media Count : 88


Abstract : The resurgence of interest in the use of nuclear technology for electrical power production has resulted in a desire to improve the existing licensing structure. Improving the licensing structure will result in reduced design time and cost for new reactor plants. An improved regulatory process is also necessary in order to license advanced reactors that are not light water technology. Risk based reactor licensing, which uses the Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) to justify most licensing questions, is a proposed replacement for the current methods. This work further develops the risk-based regulatory process by analyzing a portion of a new reactor concept. A reactor similar to the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is the design chosen for the analyses. The designers of the PBMR assert that the reactor's inherently safe design justifies the use of a non-standard containment system. This assertion can be treated as a design question to be justified using the risk-based approach. The effect of the changing the containment system is incorporated into the PRA for the PBMR. The contributions to the event and fault trees of the PBMR are determined for two casualties that affect the plants decay heat removal system. The initiating event for both of these casualties is assumed to be a beyond design basis earthquake.


Descriptors :   *ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION , *NUCLEAR ENGINEERING , *RISK ANALYSIS , WATER , PROBABILITY , LIGHT , REDUCTION , COSTS , FAULT TREES , SAFETY , CASUALTIES , EARTHQUAKES.


Subject Categories : ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
      CIVIL ENGINEERING
      SAFETY ENGINEERING


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE