Accession Number : ADA397224


Title :   Classical Theories and the Will to Fight


Descriptive Note : Master's Thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Vandersteen, Kurt P


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a397224.pdf


Report Date : 01 Jun 2001


Pagination or Media Count : 97


Abstract : Napoleon once said, The moral is to the material as three is to one. What did he have in mind when he stated this famous aphorism? Material factors are easy to calculate. This is the science of warfare. Organization, equipment, doctrine, training, and other material factors are quantifiable. But the conduct of war is not just science. The study of warfare necessarily entails analysis of the human will if the conduct of war is to be understood at all. Thus, the central research question is: according the classical military theorists, what is the best way to target an enemy's will to fight? It requires analysis of the theorists views of the will to fight by determining their levels of analysis, what they thought an enemy s centers of gravity were, how to attack the centers of gravity, and what defeat mechanisms the theorists proposed. There are several principles shared by all of the theorists at the strategic level and operational levels of war. These include using deception, surprise, avoiding strengths and attacking weaknesses, concentration of effort, and avoiding protracted war using conventional means. All of their principles are based on the psychological responses of the enemy.


Descriptors :   *WARFARE , *ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY) , DECISION MAKING , MORALE , THESES , FEAR , PERSONNEL , ENEMY , DECEPTION , COHESION , REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY)


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE