Accession Number : ADA372686


Title :   Energy Sources for Soldier Modernisation Programme Systems (Overzicht van Ontwikkelingen op het Gebied van Draagbare Energieopslag en Energieopwekking)


Descriptive Note : Interim rept. May-Dec 1999


Corporate Author : INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ENERGY RESEARCH AND PROCESS INNOVATION TNO APELDOORN (NETHERLANDS)


Personal Author(s) : Raadschelders, J. W. ; Schmal, D.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA372686


Report Date : DEC 1999


Pagination or Media Count : 53


Abstract : In this report an overview is given of the energy sources and their properties which might be implemented in a future soldier system. In chapter 3 the general specifications for the energy source are given. They are based on data from the Royal Netherlands Army and the US Army. From these data it results that a potential energy source has to be able to generate a minimum of 10 W and a maximum of 35 W and to deliver a total of 400 Wh in 24 hours. Little is yet known about the energy consumption of the systems currently under development at the TNO-Defence research institutes. It is clear that the energy consumption of a future system so far has not been a major point of consideration. In chapter 4 a global overview is given of the possible energy sources which might be applied in the future soldier systems. A subdivision has been made between four different energy sources: 1. Systems which store electrical energy. 2. Systems which convert fuel into electrical energy. 3. Human powered systems. 4. Systems powered by external forces. For these four the specific properties, advantages and disadvantages are treated of the available systems. Also the systems which are currently under development and expected to become available in reasonable time are mentioned. An overview of the developments for soldier modernization in the United States. referred to as "The dismounted soldier" is given in Annex A. In chapter 5 a first selection of energy sources which might be applied in the future soldier systems based on the general specifications given in chapter 3, has been made. A subdivision has been made between the short term and long term options. Long term options are expected to become available for large scale consumption only after more than 5 years from now. From this first selection it has turned out that, for the short term batteries are the most viable option.


Descriptors :   *SOURCES , *ARMY PERSONNEL , *MILITARY MODERNIZATION , *ENERGY STORAGE , NETHERLANDS , ELECTRICITY , TURBINES , LITHIUM BATTERIES , ENERGY CONSUMPTION , FUEL CELLS , DUTCH LANGUAGE , CAPACITORS , INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES , FLYWHEELS.


Subject Categories : ENERGY STORAGE
      LOGISTICS, MILITARY FACILITIES AND SUPPLIES


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE