Accession Number : ADA366808


Title :   Biplanes and Bombsights, British Bombing in World War I


Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL


Personal Author(s) : Williams, George K.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a366808.pdf


Report Date : MAY 1999


Pagination or Media Count : 324


Abstract : This study measures wartime claims against actual results of the British bombing campaign against Germany in the Great War. Components of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS), the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), and the Royal Air Force (RAF) conducted bombing raids between July 1916 and the Armistice. Specifically, Number 3 Wing (RNAS), 41 Wing of Eighth Brigade (RFC), and the Independent Force (IF) bombed German targets from bases in France. Lessons supposedly gleaned from these campaigns heavily influenced British military aviation, underpinning RAF doctrine up to and into the Second World War. This study develops and substantiates a comprehensive evaluation of British long-range bombing in the First World War. Its findings run directly counter to the generally held opinion. Natural limitations, technical shortfalls, and aircrews lacking proficiency acted in concert with German defenses to produce far less results than those claimed.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *BOMBING , *BOMBSIGHTS , DEFENSE SYSTEMS , GERMANY(EAST AND WEST) , UNITED KINGDOM , FIRST WORLD WAR.


Subject Categories : MILITARY FORCES AND ORGANIZATIONS
      FIRE CONTROL AND BOMBING SYSTEMS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE