Accession Number : ADA325106


Title :   Optical Detection Properties of Silicon-Germanium Quantum Well Structures


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Gregg, Michael R


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a325106.pdf


Report Date : 18 Oct 1996


Pagination or Media Count : 287


Abstract : A study has been carried out on Si/SiGe multi quantum well structures to determine their applicability as normal incidence infrared detectors in the spectral range of 2-12 micrometers. The research effort was primarily experimental, however, extensive calculations were performed to initially explain the experimental data and then used to design subsequent structures. Multiple quantum well structures grown on both Si[001] and Si[110] substrates via molecular beam epitaxy were studied by photoluminescence, absorption, and photoresponse measurements over a wide parameter space. Variables included quantum well depth and width, well doping, number of wells and growth temperature. Well widths were varied from 20A to 50A, Ge composition from 10% to 60%, boron doping from 1 x 10(exp 18) cm(exp -)3 to 8 x 10(exp 19) cm(exp -3), number of wells from 5 to 30 and growth temperature from 550 to 710 deg C. Calculations using k.p theory and the envelope function approximation were performed to determine the position of the bound states in the wells, the amount of band mixing and the transition strengths for bound-to-bound transitions for Si[001]/Si sub (1-x)Ge sub x, Si[110]/Si sub (1-x)Ge sub x and GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well structures. The Si[110] structures have more allowed energy bands which are significantly mixed. A comparison was made between Si[001]/Si sub (1-x)Ge sub x, Si[110]/Si sub (1-x)Ge sub x and GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well structures designed to operate in the 8-12 micrometer region, and all three showed comparable momentum matrix elements.


Descriptors :   *ELECTRONIC STATES , *INFRARED DETECTORS , *QUANTUM WELLS , THESES , DEPTH , SILICON , TRANSITIONS , DOPING , BANDWIDTH , BORON , ENERGY BANDS , PHOTOSENSITIVITY , GERMANATES , PHOTOLUMINESCENCE , MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY , OPTICAL DETECTION , QUANTUM THEORY


Subject Categories : Infrared Detection and Detectors
      Quantum Theory and Relativity


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE