Accession Number : ADA306996


Title :   Advanced Oxygen Systems for Aircraft (Systemes d'Oxygene Avances)


Corporate Author : ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)


Personal Author(s) : Ernsting, John ; Miller, Richard L


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA306996


Report Date : Apr 1996


Pagination or Media Count : 108


Abstract : Many of the oxygen systems fitted to present NATO aircraft are unsatisfactory as they employ liquid oxygen which requires a complex and expensive supply chain, they impose undesirable physiological loads on the aircrew, particularly high resistance to breathing, and they do not provide pressure breathing with +Gz or effective protection to the respiratory tract and eyes against NBC agents. Advanced Oxygen Systems (AOS), which provide on board generation of breathing gas, impose a low physiological load on the aircrew and provide pressure breathing with G and at high altitude and protection against NBC agents, are required in the new generation of very agile high performance combat aircraft now under development by the NATO nations. This monograph provides a comprehensive review of the present state of development of AOS for combat aircraft and provides practical guidelines for the future development of these systems. The monograph comprises an Introduction (Chapter 1); conventional US and UK Oxygen systems and their deficiencies (Chapter 2); the history of development of on-board oxygen generating systems, OBOGS (Chapter 3); operational requirements and design of AOS (Chapter 4); physiological requirements for AOS (Chapter 5); molecular sieves, pressure swing adsorption and oxygen concentrators (Chapter 6); breathing gas regulators and masks for AOS (Chapter 7); current molecular sieve oxygen generation systems (Chapter 8); sensors, indicators and controls for AOS (Chapter 9); practical aspects of design of AOS (Chapter 10); and effects of contaminants, including chemical warfare agents, on molecular sieve oxygen generators; and an Index. This monograph will be of value to all those concerned with the design, procurement and operational use of Advanced Oxygen Systems to be fitted to future high performance combat aircraft.


Descriptors :   *ACCELERATION , *FIGHTER AIRCRAFT , *MILITARY AIRCRAFT , *OXYGEN CONSUMPTION , *OXYGEN EQUIPMENT , *PRESSURE BREATHING , ADSORPTION , AIRCRAFT , BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AGENTS , BREATHING APPARATUS , BREATHING GASES , CHAINS , CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS , COMBAT FORCES , DETECTORS , EYE , GASES , GENERATORS , HIGH ALTITUDE , LIQUID OXYGEN , MOLECULAR PROPERTIES , MOLECULAR SIEVES , NATO , ONBOARD , OXYGEN GENERATORS , PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING) , PHYSIOLOGY , REGULATORS , RESISTANCE , RESPIRATORY SYSTEM , SUPPLIES


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Attack and Fighter Aircraft
      Life Support Systems


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE