Accession Number : ADA285954


Title :   A Review of the Literature on Part-Task and Whole-Task Training and Context Dependency


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Sep 1993-Dec 1993


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA


Personal Author(s) : Teague, Ross C ; Gittelman, Stuart S ; Park, Ok-choon


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a285954.pdf


Report Date : Oct 1994


Pagination or Media Count : 33


Abstract : For this report, the part-task and whole-task training and context- dependent and context-independent presentation literature was reviewed. For part-/whole-task training, the influences of early research on the selection of training methods, relationships between training methods and task characteristics and trainees' individual differences, and different methods of part-task training were discussed. For context-dependent/independent presentation, early research findings, relationships between trainees' cognitive styles and the presentation methods, presentation methods and transfer of training, and presentation methods and trainees' attention were discussed. Generally, the research showed that whole-task training is the preferred method if the task is simple and can be reasonably approximated by the trainee. However, if the task is dangerous or highly complex and can be easily divided into subtasks, part-task training is the better choice. Context-dependent methods are favored over context-independent methods for recall and recognition. However, if the acquired knowledge and skills must be selectively applied in a variety of situations, context independent presentation methods are recommended. Context dependency, Computer-based instruction, Part-task, Presentation style, Whole-task, Training method.


Descriptors :   *TRAINING DEVICES , *TRANSFER OF TRAINING , SKILLS , COMPUTERS , TRACKING , TRANSFER , TRAINEES , ATTENTION , INFORMATION PROCESSING , RECALL , SELECTION , LEARNING , INSTRUCTIONS , RECOGNITION , COGNITION , TRAINING


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE