Accession Number : ADA227479


Title :   Channel Modeling and Threshold Signal Processing in Underwater Acoustics: An Analytical Overview


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : MIDDLETON (DAVID) NEW YORK


Personal Author(s) : Middleton, David


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA227479


Report Date : 19 DEC 1986


Pagination or Media Count : 89


Abstract : An overview of underwater acoustic channel modeling and threshold signal processing is presented which emphasizes the inhomogeneous, random, and nongaussian nature of the generalized channel, combined with appropriate weak- signal detection and estimation. Principal attention is given to the formal structuring of the scattered and ambient acoustic noise fields, as well as that of the desired signal, including both fading and doppler smear phenomena. The role of general receiving arrays is noted, as well as their impact on spatial as well as temporal signal processing and beam forming, as indicated by various performance measures in detection and estimation. The emphasis here is on limiting optimum threshold systems, with some attention to suboptimum cases. Specific first-order probability density functions for the nongaussian components of typical underwater acoustic noise environments are included along with their field covariances. Several examples incorporating these pdf's are given, to illustrate the applications and general methods involved. The fundamental role of the detector structure in determining the associated optimum estimators is noted: the estimators are specific linear or nonlinear functionals of the original optimum detector algorithm, depending on the criterion (i.e., minimization of the chosen error or cost function) selected. Results for both coherent and incoherent modes of reception are presented, reflecting the fact that frequently signal epoch is not known initially at the receiver. (jhd)


Descriptors :   *ACOUSTIC CHANNELS , *UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS , OPTIMIZATION , THRESHOLD EFFECTS , COHERENCE , ACOUSTIC DETECTION , COSTS , INCOHERENCE , LIMITATIONS , BEAM FORMING , COVARIANCE , OCEAN MODELS , OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS , UNDERWATER SOUND , NOISE(SOUND) , ACOUSTIC DETECTORS , FUNCTIONS , ALGORITHMS , SIGNAL PROCESSING


Subject Categories : ACOUSTIC DETECTION AND DETECTORS
      ACOUSTICS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE