Accession Number : ADA218368


Title :   Formula Scoring, Basic Theory and Applications


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA MODEL BASED MEASUREMENT LAB


Personal Author(s) : Levine, Michael V.


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA218368


Report Date : DEC 1989


Pagination or Media Count : 55


Abstract : Formula scoring is a systematic study of measurement statistics expressed as sums of products of item scores. The theory is currently being used to compute non-parametric estimates of ability distributions, item response functions, and option response functions. The theory has been used to design algorithms for estimating item response functions from adaptive test data (on-line calibration), monitoring and correcting drift in observed score distributions for adaptive tests (on-line equating), computing optimal tests for cheating, and combining appropriateness measurement information from several subtests. In this paper a portion of the theory is developed from a few principles. Applications are considered to the problems of deciding whether ability has the same distribution in two demographic groups, to finding latent class models that are equivalent to item response models, and to controlling drift in adaptive testing programs. Keywords: Latent trait theory, Item response theory, Formula score, Rasch model, Equating, Foundations, Quasidensities, Densities, Non-parametric density estimation, Ability distributions, Identifiability.


Descriptors :   *SCORING , *FORMULATIONS , *STATISTICS , DENSITY , MEASUREMENT , EXPERIMENTAL DATA , OPTIMIZATION , MODELS , DISTRIBUTION , THEORY , DEMOGRAPHY , TEST METHODS , ESTIMATES , DRIFT , RESPONSE , ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS , CALIBRATION , ONLINE SYSTEMS , FUNCTIONS , DORMANCY , TEST AND EVALUATION , ALGORITHMS


Subject Categories : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE