Accession Number : ADA201403


Title :   Passive Fuel Tank Inerting Systems for Ground Combat Vehicles


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Mar-Sep 88


Corporate Author : ARMY TANK-AUTOMOTIVE COMMAND WARREN MI


Personal Author(s) : McCormick, Steven J ; Motzenbecker, Peter F ; Clauson, Michael J


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a201403.pdf


Report Date : 01 Sep 1988


Pagination or Media Count : 64


Abstract : Many flammable materials are carried aboard combat vehicles, including fuel, hydraulic fluid, and munitions. A fire involving any of these can lead to destruction of the vehicle and injury to the crew. Ground combat vehicles have relied on fire extinguishing systems to protect the vehicles and crew, while aircraft use passive inerting techniques as well as fire extinguishing systems. The apparent disparity between ground combat vehicles and aircraft has caused the U.S. Congress to direct the Secretary of the Army to examine the use of passive, multiple-hit, fuel tank inerting systems in tracked and wheeled vehicles. This report examines passive fuel tank inerting techniques and provides an assessment of their applicability to ground combat vehicles. The extent of the hazard posed by the combat vehicle fuel tanks has been defined. The adequacy of the technology in reducing this hazard is evaluated for each technique considered. The current technology for the suppression of fires in and from vehicle fuel tanks available to and in use by the armed services, other government agencies, the private sector, and foreign armed services has also been examined. Attention was restricted to passive systems (systems which do not require any mechanical or electrical activation) which can suppress multiple occurrences of fire. Both fuel tank fillers and systems which surround the fuel tanks were considered. Proper fuel system and vehicle design, in conjunction with fire extinguishing systems, are still the most effective means available to limit the damage caused by combat and peacetime fuel fires. (sdw)


Descriptors :   *COMBAT VEHICLES , *FUEL TANKS , FUEL SYSTEMS , MECHANICAL PROPERTIES , CONGRESS , ACTIVATION , AIRCRAFT , FOREIGN , PEACETIME , HAZARDS , MATERIALS , PASSIVE SYSTEMS , ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES , FUELS , LIMITATIONS , CREWS , GROUND VEHICLES , FIRES , TRACKED VEHICLES , INERT MATERIALS , SUPPRESSION , FLAMMABILITY , HYDRAULIC FLUIDS , FIRE EXTINGUISHERS , FILLERS


Subject Categories : Combat Vehicles
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE