Accession Number : ADA200139


Title :   Antibodies to Phospholipids and Liposomes: Binding of Antibodies to Cells


Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Fogler, William E ; Swartz, Jr , Glenn M ; Alving, Carl R


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a200139.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1987


Pagination or Media Count : 9


Abstract : Binding of two monoclonal anti-liposome antibodies to the surface of cultured murine peritoneal macrophages was investigated by indirect immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Neither antibody bound to cultures of freshly explanted, nonadherent macrophages, but immunoreactivity was observed following cell adherence to tissue culture plastic. Fluorescent microscopic evaluation revealed heterogeneity in staining patterns of the antibodies on adherent cells. Binding both to viable and fixed adherent macrophages was observed even after a 10,000-fold dilution of antibody. Treatment of adherent macrophage cultures with trypsin increased antibody binding. Further treatment of trypsinized-macrophagates with alkaline phosphatase or neuraminidase did not affect antibody binding, but phospholipase D and, to a greater extent, phospholipase C resulted in a marked decrease in cellular binding. The data indicate that antibodies produced against liposomes appear to bind to surface phospholipids of macrophages, but binding can be influenced by the physiological state of the macrophage and overlying cell surface proteins. Keywords: Antibody binding; Monoclonal anti-liposome antibody; Liposome; Phospholipid; Trypsin; Cell surface; Immunofluorescence; Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; Binding sites; Reprints.


Descriptors :   *ANTIBODIES , *PHOSPHOLIPIDS , *PHAGOCYTES , ENZYMES , PROTEINS , ADHESION , MICROSCOPY , SURFACES , CYTOPLASM , PHYSIOLOGY , PERITONEUM , CELLS(BIOLOGY) , IMMUNOASSAY , PLASTICS , TRYPSIN , ALKALINITY , RETICULOENDOTHELIAL SYSTEM , TISSUE CULTURE , PHOSPHATASES , FLUORESCENCE , GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES , TEST AND EVALUATION , REPRINTS


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Anatomy and Physiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE