Accession Number : ADA192991


Title :   Cleanup of Johnston Atoll Missile Launch Facility.


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Corporate Author : ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : Vesper, B. E. ; Dooley, M. ; Mohaupt, T. H. ; Bramlitt, E. T.


Report Date : MAR 1988


Pagination or Media Count : 23


Abstract : In July 1962, when a missile failed to lift off from the launch pad, a nuclear test device was intentionally detonated to prevent any nuclear yield. In 1980, a long-range program was developed to remove the contaminated material from the test site. In 1984, funds became available to transport the contaminated material to a Federal radioactive-waste disposal site. The waste disposal project involved the dismantling of structures remaining on the site, decontaminating several concrete pads, determining the level of contamination on the debris, preparing and packaging the debris for shipment, and transporting the contaminated material to an authorized waste disposal site. Because the operation involved sea and land transport of a large volume of plutonium-contaminated material, it had the potential of becoming controversial. However, in-depth planning and extensive coordination with appropriate agencies enabled the operation to proceed without incident. This report addresses the planning process, cleanup options considered, instrumentation and measurement techniques, and personnel radiation safety practices. Included are a brief background of the situation, a summary of the planning phase and regulatory guidelines, detailed description of the operation, and discuss of some of the unique circumstances and relevant problems encountered during this project.


Descriptors :   *RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION, *DECONTAMINATION, BACKGROUND, CONTAMINATION, LAND AREAS, MATERIALS, MEASUREMENT, METHODOLOGY, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, OPERATION, PACKAGING, PERSONNEL, PLANNING, RADIATION, SAFETY, SITES, TEST FACILITIES, WASTE DISPOSAL, JOHNSTON ISLAND, ACCIDENTS, PLUTONIUM, SCATTERING.


Subject Categories : NUCLEAR RADIATION SHIELD, PROTECTION & SAFETY


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE