Accession Number : ADA170381
Title : Dredging Operations Technical Support Program. Effectiveness of Capping in Isolating Dutch Kills Sediment from Biota and the Overlying Water.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
Personal Author(s) : Brannon,James M ; Hoeppel,Ronald E ; Sturgis,Thomas C ; Smith,Issac , Jr ; Gunnison,Douglas
Report Date : Jun 1986
Pagination or Media Count : 37
Abstract : The effectiveness of capping in chemically and biologically isolating contaminated dredged material was investigated using laboratory reactor units. The ability of Buttermilk Channel cap materials to isolate contaminated dredged material was assessed in the large reactor units by following the movement of chemical contaminants and microbial spores contained in the capped dredged material into the overlying water column and by monitoring the biological uptake of chemical contaminants by clams and polychaetes. The depth of cap material needed to chemically isolate contaminated dredged material was assessed in small-scale reactor units. Changes in overlying water concentrations of dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonium nitrogen, manganese, and orthophosphate were monitored following isolation of the water column from air by placing a 4-cm layer of mineral oil on the surface. The constituents analyzed were selected due to their mobility under anaerobic conditions, ease of measurement, and generally high concentrations in contaminated dredged material compared to clean cap materials.
Descriptors : *DREDGED MATERIALS , *MICROBIOLOGY , TISSUES(BIOLOGY) , LABORATORY TESTS , NEW YORK , ISOLATION , SPORES , WATER POLLUTION , AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS , CONTAMINATION , POLLUTION ABATEMENT , SEDIMENTS , HARBORS , CHANNELS(WATERWAYS) , CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY) , ECOLOGY , CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS , ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING , PHOSPHATES , MANGANESE , CLAMS , WATER CHEMISTRY , ANAEROBIC PROCESSES , BIPHENYL , POLYCHAETA
Subject Categories : Microbiology
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE