Accession Number : ADA163252


Title :   Analysis of Helical Waveguide.


Descriptive Note : Memorandum rept.,


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Ahn,S ; Ganguly,A K


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA163252


Report Date : 23 Dec 1985


Pagination or Media Count : 32


Abstract : The dispersion characteristics of the large diameter helical waveguide are calculated using Pierce's small signal theory. The backward wave oscillation poses a serious problem for the development of this circuit as a broad-band, high gain amplifier. The gain of the backward waves is in general higher than the gain of the forward waves. For the first space harmonic (m=1) mode, the forward and the backward wave gains are, respectively, 2.17 dB/cm and 2.24 dB.cm. The bandwidth is 40% for a total gain of 30 dB if the backward waves are ignored. The onset of the backward wave oscillation limits the bandwidth to 5% for such high gain. The threshold interaction length for the onset of oscillation is also calculated. If the oscillations are not suppressed, the total gain of the circuit is limited to about 12 dB. At this low gain, the bandwidth can be as high as 57%. The device performs better with the low order space harmonic modes. Not only the gain and the bandwidth are larger for the low order modes but the ratio of the backward to forward wave gains and the number of the backward waves excited are also smaller. (Author)


Descriptors :   *INTERACTIONS , *WAVEGUIDES , *OSCILLATION , DIAMETERS , RATIOS , FORWARD AREAS , DISPERSING , THRESHOLD EFFECTS , THEORY , LIMITATIONS , LENGTH , SIGNALS , GAIN , LOW LEVEL , CIRCUITS , ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE REFLECTIONS , AMPLIFIERS , HELIXES , HIGH GAIN


Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE