Accession Number : ADA163134


Title :   Archaeological Investigations at Site 45-DO-211, Chief Joseph Dam Project, Washington.


Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. Aug 78-Oct 84,


Corporate Author : WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE OFFICE OF PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Lohse,Ernest D ; Campbell,Sarah K ; Hause,L ; Livingston,Stephanie ; Lyman,R L


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA163134


Report Date : Jan 1984


Pagination or Media Count : 182


Abstract : Site 45-DO-211 is on the south bank of the Columbia River about 340 m upstream from River Mile 589. Vegetation is characteristic of the Upper Sonoran life zone. The University of Washington excavated 88 cu m (3.9 %) of site volume in 1979 for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District, as part of a mitigation program associated with adding 10-ft to the operating pool level behind Chief Joseph Dam. A two-stage sampling design, incorporating random and non-random 1 x 1 x .01-m units of record, disclosed multiple episodes of prehistoric occupation spanning a period from ca. 5500-2700 B.P. and involving the construction of housepits as part of year-round activity. Four housepits were identified, with at least two of these evidently associated with a summer fish camp designed to take advantage of the seasonal runs of salmon. The others represent fall and winter occupations where economic emphasis was on the hunting of large ungulates. The documentation of a probable fishing camp with housepits in the Hudnut Phase (ca. 4000-2000 B.P.) at this site is unique in the Rufus Woods Lake project area, and suggests prehistoric economic systems over the last 3,000-4,000 years were generally similar to those described for the ethnohistoric period. The Columbia River was the focus of activity, with housepit settlements established at different points along the river. (Author)


Descriptors :   *ARCHEOLOGY , SITES , SAMPLING , RIVERS , VALLEYS , LAND AREAS , RESERVOIRS , AMERICAN INDIANS , WASHINGTON(STATE)


Subject Categories : Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE