Accession Number : ADA135417
Title : Migration of Explosives in Soil
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
Personal Author(s) : Kayser, E G ; Burlinson, N E
Report Date : 06 Dec 1982
Pagination or Media Count : 34
Abstract : This report contains the analytical results of 121 water samples obtained from Battelle Columbus Laboratories 14C lysimeter study of TNT, RDX, and tetryl. The study was funded to assess the environmental fate of these three explosives in various soils. Forty-six of the 121 water samples received had 14C activity greater than 100 dpm/mL and were further analyzed by gc/ec, hplc, and tlc methods. TNT was not observed in any of the TNT water samples either by gc/ ec or hplc. None of the typical TNT biodegradation or oxidation products were observed. Analysis of the TNT soil extracts revealed the presence of TNT and two biotransformation products of TNT. Trace amounts of picric acid were detected in the tetryl water samples which also contained nonvolatile, highly polar products. Analysis of the RDX water samples revealed RDX and the impurity HMX in the leachate. The RDX soil extracts contained RDX, HMX, volatile decomposition products as well as polar nonvolatile decomposition products.
Descriptors : *EXPLOSIVES , *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , *CHEMICAL ANALYSIS , *SOIL TESTS , *WATER ANALYSIS , WATER , CARBON , SOILS , OXIDATION , LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY , SAMPLING , CONTAMINANTS , MIGRATION , RDX , TNT , CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY) , GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY , RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES , LYSIMETERS , TRACER STUDIES , BIODETERIORATION , TETRYL , HMX , PICRIC ACID
Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
Ammunition and Explosives
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE