Accession Number : ADA123016


Title :   Change In Organizations. Chapter 6. Creating Long-Term Organizational Change,


Corporate Author : CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ADMINISTRATION


Personal Author(s) : Goodman,Paul S ; Dean,James W , Jr


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a123016.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1982


Pagination or Media Count : 54


Abstract : This chapter is about the institutionalization of organizational change. It is concerned with the persistence of organizational change. Lewin (1951) describes change in terms of three processes unfreezing, moving, and refreezing. Institutionalization is concerned with the process of refreezing. After a new policy or program is introduced into an organization, we plan to focus on factors that affect its persistence. A whole series of questions underlies this problem statement: What does institutionalization or persistence mean? How do we describe different degrees of institutionalization or persistence mean? How do we describe different degrees of institutionalization? What critical processes affect institutionalization? What are the critical predictors? These questions serve to organize this discussion.


Descriptors :   *ORGANIZATIONS , *MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL , *PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT , *PRODUCTIVITY , STABILITY , MODIFICATION , OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS , LONG RANGE(TIME) , QUALITY , SYSTEMS ANALYSIS , MOTIVATION , JOB ANALYSIS , PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT , EMPLOYEE RELATIONS , WORK ELEMENTS , ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY) , INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE