Accession Number : ADA119155


Title :   Thermal Battery Systems for Ordnance Fuzing


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : HARRY DIAMOND LABS ADELPHI MD


Personal Author(s) : Krieger, Frank C


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a119155.pdf


Report Date : Jul 1982


Pagination or Media Count : 24


Abstract : Thermal battery technology for ordnance fuzing is reviewed. Most present thermal batteries use the Ca/LiCl-KCl eutectic/CaCrO4 system. This system is highly reliable when properly fabricated, but is subject to electrical short circuiting from CaLi2 formed during operation and is capacity and rate limited by anodic film formation. Proposed replacement electrochemical systems use lithium or its alloys as anodes to eliminate these difficulties, but the high chemical reactivity of lithium causes storage and handling problems. Anodes of calcium alloys might eliminate short circuiting and increase electrical output above that of the Ca/LiCl-KCl eutectic/CaCrO4 system without causing the handling and storage difficulties of the lithium systems. The calcium alloy anode should be researched to determine its capabilities in practical batteries.


Descriptors :   *ELECTROCHEMISTRY , *FUZES(ORDNANCE) , *THERMAL BATTERIES , *ANODES , OUTPUT , STORAGE BATTERIES , ELECTRIC BATTERIES , EUTECTICS , LITHIUM CHLORINE CELLS , ANODIC COATINGS , POTASSIUM CHLORIDE , LITHIUM , CALCIUM


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Electrochemical Energy Storage
      Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE