Accession Number : ADA089983


Title :   Hardened Water Deluge System for Melt/Pour Plant


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX


Personal Author(s) : Friesenhahn, G J ; Rindner, R M ; Seals, W O


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA089983


Report Date : Aug 1980


Pagination or Media Count : 83


Abstract : Establishing the vulnerability of water deluge system to blast and fragments is a continuing problem. Typically, the melt/pour facility at Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) is continuing in buildings which are inter- connected by ramps. Transporting explosives through these ramps poses the threat of explosion on fire propagating from one building to another. Since such incidents can destroy conventional fire detection and protection systems, this program was initiated to identify deluge systems capable of withstanding detonation without compromising their capability to extinguish secondary fires. A series of scaled tests established the general magnitude of the threat; nozzles were chosen from water coverage tests; deluge tests demonstrated that deluge systems properly tuned to the ramp/conveyor configuration can extinguish explosive fires in a reasonable length of time, and the survivability of alternate hardened deluge systems was demonstrated. The wide-spray nozzle proved to be more effective than the narrow-spray in maintaining water on the explosive at different water pressures and damage levels. The rate of application is affected by the degree of pressure and the amount of damage, and is particularly sensitive to the position of the nozzle with respect to the explosive. A small change in position significantly changes the water coverage. On-the-pad deluge systems would have difficulty surviving the blast and fragment environment; subsurface systems are needed.


Descriptors :   *FIRE EXTINGUISHERS , *INDUSTRIAL PLANTS , ACCIDENTS , ARMY , CONVEYORS , FIRE DETECTORS , FIRE HAZARDS , HAZARDS , MELTING , MILITARY FACILITIES , MODEL TESTS , MUNITIONS INDUSTRY , NOZZLES , SAFETY , SCALE MODELS , SLURRY EXPLOSIVES , TEXAS , VULNERABILITY


Subject Categories : Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys
      Safety Engineering
      Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE