Accession Number : ADA084551


Title :   A Five-Stage Model of the Mental Activities Involved in Directed Skill Acquisition


Descriptive Note : Research rept.


Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY OPERATIONS RESEARCH CENTER


Personal Author(s) : Dreyfus, Stuart E ; Dreyfus, Hubert L


Full Text : http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a084551.pdf


Report Date : Feb 1980


Pagination or Media Count : 22


Abstract : In acquiring a skill by means of instruction and experience, the student normally passes through five developmental stages which we designate novice, competence, proficiency, expertise and mastery. We argue, based on analysis of careful descriptions of skill acquisition, that as the student becomes skilled, he depends less on abstract principles and more on concrete experience. We systematize and illustrate the progressive changes in a performer's ways of seeing his task environment. We conclude that any skill- training procedure must be based on some model of skill acquisition, so that it can address, at each stage of training, the appropriate issues involved in facilitating advancement.


Descriptors :   *SKILLS , MODELS , STUDENTS , INSTRUCTIONS , PROFICIENCY


Subject Categories : Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE