Accession Number : ADA012641


Title :   Effect of Diphenylhydantoin and Lidocaine on Cardiac Arrhythmias Induced by Hypothalamic Stimulation,


Corporate Author : ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : Evans,D. E. ; Gillis,R. A.


Report Date : FEB 1975


Pagination or Media Count : 34


Abstract : The importance of the central nervous system in the antiarrhythmic actions of diphenylhydantoin and lidocaine was studied using arrhythmias induced by electrical stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus in cats. Hypothalamic stimulation resulted in cardiac arrhythmias mediated by the sympathetic nervous system. Administration of diphenylhydantoin (10-15 mg/kg I. V.) prevented both the arrhythmias and the hyperactivity in sympathetic nerves. Diphenylhydantoin had no effect on similar arrhythmias evoked by electrical stimulation of peripheral sympathetic nerves. Administration of lidocaine (2-6 mg/kg I. V.) prevented the arrhythmias produced by hypothalamic stimulation without attenuating sympathetic hyperactivity, and also prevented similar arrhythmias produced by stimulation of peripheral sympathetic nerves. These results suggest that the antiarrhythmic action of diphenylhydantoin against neurogenic arrhythmias is due to its central neurodepressant action. The results further suggest that, in contrast to diphenylhydantoin, lidocaine acts at peripheral neural or cardiac sites to antagonize neurogenic arrhythmias.


Descriptors :   *DRUGS, *ARRHYTHMIA, *HYDANTOINS, STIMULATION(PHYSIOLOGY), CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, ANTICONVULSANTS, ANESTHETICS, HYPOTHALAMUS.


Subject Categories : PHARMACOLOGY


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE