Accession Number : AD1014221

Title :   Psychological and Metabolic Correlates of Obesity in African-Americans and Caucasians

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States

Personal Author(s) : Oates,Christie S

Full Text :

Report Date : 24 Jul 2006

Pagination or Media Count : 96

Abstract : The purpose of the present study was to identify whether there are unique biological, behavioral, psychological, and environmental factors specific to African-Americans that may promote the development of obesity. Chronic stress levels and the hormonal and metabolic responses of 63 Caucasian and African-American men and women to two metabolically-relevant events a metabolic load (standardized meal) and a metabolic demand (standardized exercise) were assessed. The hormonal and metabolic responses included hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones (i.e.,adrenocorticotropin hormone and cortisol) and insulin responses to a meal. African-Americans reported higher levels of perceived chronic stress, but had lower plasma levels of the stress hormone cortisol than did Caucasians at baseline and throughout both testing sessions.

Descriptors :   psychological adaptation , metabolism , connective tissue , digestive system processes , CAUCASIANS , African americans , body composition , public health , body weight , PITUITARY AND HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES AND ANALOGUES , demography , insulin , response (biology) , stress (physiology) , cortisol , brain

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE